Among all of the known species of freshwater fish, only about 1% of then are livebearing or viviparous. Despite their relatively low numbers, the livebearing fish is one of the most common fish among aquarist since its beginning.
Some of the most common livebearer fish in freshwater aquarium hobby are :- guppy, platy, molly, swordtail, anableps, halfbeaks, mosquito fish, goodeids and so on. All of the livebearing fish shares a common trait. Livebearer fish are all very hardy fish and a good choice for beginners. Livebearer fish is not only kept by the beginners but also by many experienced fishkeepers. Because watching the newborn fries and change in their lifespan to almost fully developed is a lot of fun. And can even earn money selling them.
Livebearing Fish Habitat
In general, livebearers favor reasonably hard, somewhat alkaline water (with pH scale of slightly above 7). Tap water usually fit those parameters so it’s relatively easy for aquarist especially beginners to provide suitable habitat for them. And also, these fish tolerate a fairly wide range of temperature. For most livebearing fish species, you should add a tablespoon of aquarium salt per five gallon of water.
Livebearing Fish Diet
Livebearer readily accepts anything from flakes to the pallet to live food. Livebearer is easy to feed. If you keep livebearer in a planted tank you don’t need to feed them often the feed on algae in the planted tank.
“Fish Have Stomach Size of Their Eye“. Livebearer fish are quite small and have a tiny stomach. Frequent lesser feedings are preferred than infrequent large feedings. Vegetable matter is a basis of the diet of most livebearers. Spirulina added to the diet will help keep them from eating any live plants you have in the aquarium.
Livebearing Fish Breeding
Livebearing fish gives birth to live young fry rather than laying eggs. They are easy to breed, requires very few special care and accommodations. Keeping more than 2 female for each male is advisable. As a male can create stress in there is only one female. It’s easy to determine the sex of most of the livebearer fish. Their body size is different, the color of the male is brighter and more colorful than that of the female.
Soon after you get a pair of livebearing fish, you will soon have a tank full of small free swimming fry. Adult fish tends to eat fry when they are hungry, you must provide enough hiding place for the fry. Providing plenty of plants, floating plants will ensure that at least some of the fry will survive to their adulthood. Flakes food, brine shrimps are suitable for feeding the fry.